2022: Missouri’s Spring Wildflowers – “Wild” Red Columbine.

Red columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) is a beautiful and unique native plant. Delicate red and yellow flowers resemble tiny ballerinas as they dance on slender red stems over finely divided blue-green leaves in late spring to early summer.

Its lovely floral display, ease of growing, and overall charm, make red columbine a great plant for the native wildflower garden.

Young Bud of a Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) with sepals

These sepals are tinged with pink, and the bud’s distinctive spurs have grown long enough to be clearly visible.

Eventually, both the sepals, and spurs take on their final deep red colour. 

The flowers are single on long stems, with a distinctive shape, the 5 petals forming elongated, hollow, red spurs containing nectar; the 5 sepals are leaflike, attached between the petals, light yellow. The numerous stamens extend below the flower. Blooms April–July.

Wild Red Columbine

There are 20+ stamens of unequal length surrounding the pistil and several longer styles.

Pistil, Stamen and Styles

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